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Pendidikan Hak Asasi Manusia: Merangka Kurikulum dalam Konteks Malaysia

Rohaida Nordin

rohaidanordin@ukm.my

Fakulti Undang-undang

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstrak

Pendidikan hak asasi manusia (PHAM) telah menjadi satu daripada komponen yang penting dalam pembangunan manusia dan telah dinaik taraf sebagai sebahagian daripada pendidikan umum di sesetengah negara. Sungguhpun begitu, PHAM tidak pernah menjadi tumpuan utama dalam program kurikulum Ijazah Sarjana Muda Undang-undang (Kepujian) di universiti tempatan di Malaysia, kecuali Universiti Malaya. Oleh itu, makalah ini akan membincangkan hubungan antara PHAM dengan perpaduan sosial. Analisis yang dilakukan disini bersifat teoritikal sepenuhnya dalam bentuk analisis pembacaan. Makalah ini menunjukkan bahawa PHAM merupakan instrumen yang penting dalam menyelenggara perpaduan sosial. Seterusnya, makalah ini akan membincangkan mengenai kaedah terbaik bagi merangka kurikulum PHAM dalam konteks negara Malaysia.

Kata kunci: pendidikan, hak asasi manusia, perpaduan sosial, Malaysia  

Abstract

Human Rights Education (HRE) has become one of the most important elements in human development, and has been upgraded to form part of general education in some countries. However, HRE has never been the main focus for the Bachelor of Laws programme in local universities in Malaysia except at the University of Malaya. This article will discuss the relationship between HRE and social unity. The analysis is entirely theoretical in nature. This article shows that HRE is an important instrument in maintaining social unity. Further, this article will discuss what would be the best method in designing a HRE syllabus in the Malaysian context.

Keywords: education, human rights, social unity, Malaysia

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