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BULI DALAM KALANGAN PELAJAR SEKOLAH: PERSIDANGAN KUMPULAN KELUARGA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF KEPADA HUKUMAN

(Bullying among School Students: Family Group Conference as an Alternative to Punishment)

Norjihan Ab Aziz

[email protected]

Zuraini Ab Hamid

[email protected]

Noor Shuhadawati Mohamad Amin

[email protected]

Kuliyah Undang-undang Ahmad Ibrahim,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 1 Julai 2020

Sila rujuk: Ab Aziz, N. Ab Hamid, Z. dan Mohamad Amin, N.S. (2020). Buli dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sekolah: Persidangan Kumpulan Keluarga Sebagai Alternatif Kepada Hukuman. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, 32(2), 275-296.

Abstrak

Buli yang berlaku dalam kalangan pelajar sekolah tidak boleh diambil mudah. Terdapat garis panduan dan polisi tertentu yang membolehkan pihak sekolah mengambil tindakan disiplin terhadap pelaku buli. Malah pelaku buli boleh diambil tindakan undang-undang sekiranya perlu. Namun begitu, Persidangan Kumpulan Keluarga telah dilaksanakan di beberapa buah negara sebagai alternatif kepada hukuman bagi kesalahan buli di sekolah. Kajian ini dilakukan bagi mendapatkan maklumat berkaitan kes buli dalam kalangan pelajar sekolah di Malaysia, dan proses penyelesaiannya menurut undang-undang. Analisis terhadap penyelesaian kes buli di sekolah melalui Persidangan Kumpulan Keluarga dilakukan sebagai alternatif kepada hukuman seperti yang dilaksanakan di negara-negara terpilih. Berdasarkan respons positif berkaitan Persidangan Kumpulan Keluarga sebagai penyelesaian kes buli di sekolah, disarankan agar proses ini diperkenalkan di Malaysia bagi menambah baik penyelesaian terhadap kesalahan buli di sekolah. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif yang merujuk akta, kes yang diputuskan, serta penulisan ilmiah seperti buku, dan jurnal.

Kata kunci: Buli di sekolah, jenayah kanak-kanak, Persidangan Kumpulan Keluarga

Abstract

Bullying among school students cannot be taken lightly. There are specific guidelines and policies in Malaysia that allow school authorities to take disciplinary action against bullying. Legal action can also be taken against the perpetrator if necessary. However, Family Group Conference have been adopted in some countries as alternatives to punishment for bullying in schools. This study is conducted in order to examine bullying among school students in Malaysian schools, as well as the laws governing school bullying. This research also analyses the resolution of school bullying through Family Group Conferences as alternatives to punishment as practised in several countries. It is recommended that Family Group Conferences be introduced in Malaysia to complement the current solutions for school bullying cases. This study utilizes a qualitative method, referring to Acts, decided cases, and academic writings such as books and journals.

Keywords: School bullying, child offenders, Family Group Conference

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