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PELAKSANAAN SISTEM TRIBUNAL Di MALAYSIA: KE ARAH PENAMBAHBAIKAN

(Implementation of Tribunal System in Malaysia: Towards Improvement)

Fariza Romli*

arfariza@uum.edu.my

Harlida Abdul Wahab

harlida@uum.edu.my

Pusat Pengajian Undang-undang,

Kolej Undang-Undang, Kerajaan & Pengajian Antarabangsa,

Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 2 Julai 2020

Sila rujuk: Romli, F. dan Abdul Wahab, H. (2020). Pelaksanaan Sistem Tribunal di Malaysia: Ke Arah Penambahbaikan. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, 32(2), 223-242.

Abstrak

Kewujudan sistem tribunal, selain dapat membantu melicinkan sistem pentadbiran, dianggap berkongsi kuasa dengan badan kehakiman dalam membuat keputusan. Maka,timbul persoalan tentang kuasa membuat keputusan ini bagi mengelakkannya disalah guna oleh badan pentadbiran. Selaras dengan Matlamat Pembangunan Mampan 2030 bagi menjamin keadilan dalam usaha menyokong institusi yang efektif, bertanggungjawab serta inklusif, amalan serta keputusan yang telus dan adil amat penting bagi menjamin keyakinan rakyat terhadap badan pentadbiran dan kerajaan. Oleh itu, artikel ini membincangkan sistem tribunal dan pelaksanaannya di Malaysia. Dalam mengamati perkara ini, sistem tribunal yang wujud di negara lain, khususnya United Kingdom, turut dibincangkan dan dijadikan panduan bagi tujuan penambahbaikan. Masalah seperti autonomi atau kawalan kuasa dan proses perbicaraan merupakan antara isu yang diketengahkan. Sehubungan itu, saranan penambahbaikan dengan mematuhi tiga prinsip asas yakni keterbukaan, keadilan dan kesaksamaan, dicadangkan agar dapat memantapkan lagi pelaksanaan sistem tribunal sedia ada selaras dengan perkembangannya di luar negara.

Kata kunci: Tribunal, badan pentadbiran, kawalan kuasa, Malaysia, perundangan, membuat keputusan

Abstract

The existence of a tribunal system, in addition to helping to smooth the administration system, is considered as sharing power with the judiciary in making decisions. Thus arose the question of decision-making power and prevention of abuse by the administrative body. In line with the sustainable development goals 2030 to ensure justice in support of effective, responsible and inclusive institutions, transparent and fair practices are essential for ensuring people’s trust in the administrative body and government. This paper, therefore, discusses the tribunal system and its implementation in malaysia. In view of this, tribunal systems that exist in other countries, especially the united kingdom, are also examined as models for improvement. Matters such as autonomy or control of power and the trial process are among the issues raised. Recommendations for improvement are proposed based on three basic principles—openness, fairness and impartiality—to further strengthen the implementation of the existing tribunal system in line with developments abroad.

Keywords: Tribunal, administrative body, authority, Malaysia, legislature, decision-making

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