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INDIVIDU AUTISME DAN PERLAKUAN MELANGGAR UNDANG-UNDANG

(Security Issues in the Computerized Land Registration System in Malaysia: An Overview)

*Zuliza Mohd Kusrin

zuli@ukm.edu.my

Mohd Al-Adib Samuri

al_adib@ukm.edu.my

Manisah Mohd Ali

mma@ukm.edu.my

Wafaa’ Yusof

wafaa@ukm.edu.my

Fariza Md. Sham

farisham@ukm.edu.my

Fakulti Undang-undang,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Mohd Syakir Arifin

syakirarifin92@gmail.com

Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Terbit dalam talian (published online): 1 Julai 2019

Sila rujuk: Zuliza Mohd Mohd Kusrin, Mohd Al-Adib Samuri, Manisah Mohd Ali, Wafaa’ Yusof, Fariza Md. Sham dan Mohd Syakir Arifin. (2019). Individu autisme dan perlakuan melanggar undang-undang. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia 31(2), 219-237.

Abstrak

Individu autisme ialah mereka yang mengalami kecelaruan neurologi yang kompleks atau gangguan perkembangan neuro yang menyebabkan mereka mempunyai tingkah laku dan minat yang luar biasa, dan lazimnya sukar dikawal. Bilangan individu autisme semakin meningkat setiap tahun namun, masyarakat umum masih kurang terdedah dengan perilaku individu autisme. Perlakuan tersendiri individu autisme juga didapati sebahagiannya menyebabkan mereka melakukan kesalahan yang dikategorikan sebagai jenayah sivil mahupun syariah. Artikel ini bertujuan membincangkan kesan perilaku individu austime yang mendorong mereka melakukan kesalahan melanggar undang-undang. Fokus perbincangan juga mengenal pasti jenis-jenis pelanggaran undang-undang yang dilakukan oleh remaja autisme. Kaedah pengumpulan data secara analisis kandungan dan temu bual semi struktur bersama guru di sebuah badan bukan kerajaan yang ditubuhkan bagi menjalankan program intervensi autisme. Data terkumpul kemudiannya dianalisis secara deskriptif dan kemudiannya dipersembahkan mengikut tema yang bersesuaian. Kajian mendapati bahawa individu autisme mempunyai perilaku tersendiri yang menyebabkan mereka terdedah untuk melakukan kesalahan jenayah. Perlakuan seperti sukar menyesuaikan diri dalam persekitaran dan tempat baharu, sukar memahami interaksi sosial secara verbal dan bukan verbal,  dan sikap ingin tahu yang sangat mendalam atau obsesi terhadap sesuatu perkara. Perilaku berkenaan didapati menyebabkan mereka terlibat dengan kesalahan jenayah seperti melakukan pembunuhan, pembakaran, terlibat dengan kesalahan perilaku seksual dan juga kesalahan jenayah siber.

Kata kunci: ASD, autisme, kesalahan jenayah, perilaku seksual

Abstract

Individuals with autism experience complex neuro-developmental disorders in early childhood or neuro-development disturbances, as a result of which they exhibit unusual behaviours that are usually beyond their control. Despite the increasing number of individuals with autism in Malaysia, the general public is still lacking in knowledge regarding behaviours of individuals with autism. The actions of individuals with autism can at times be categorized as criminal or syariah offences. This article aims to discuss the consequence of behaviours of those individuals that result in them breaking laws. The focus of this discussion is also to identify the types of illegal offences committed by teenagers with autism. The methods of data collection are through document analysis and semi-structured interviews with teachers from a non-governmental organization that was established to conduct intervention programmes for autistic individuals. The data gathered was analysed descriptively and presented according to relevant themes. The study found that individuals with autism have their own behaviours which exposes them to committing criminal offences. These behaviours include difficulties to adapt in new places and environments, understanding verbal and non-verbal social interaction, an unusually deep interest in or obsession with certain subjects. These behaviours are found to be capable of influencing them to commit criminal offences such as murder, arson, sexual offences as well as cybercrime.

Keywords: ASD, autism, criminal offences, sexual behavior

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