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PENCEGAHAN DAN HUKUMAN PERBUATAN BUANG BAYI MENURUT PERUNDANGAN SYARIAH DAN SIVIL DI MALAYSIA: CUKUPKAH UNDANG-UNDANG YANG ADA?

(Prevention and Punishment for Baby-Dumping according to Syariah and Civil Law in Malaysia: Is the Law Adequate?)

Adibah Bahori

putriaufa@yahoo.com

Siti Zubaidah Ismail

szubaida@um.edu.my

Jabatan Syariah dan Undang-undang,

Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya.

Abstrak

Kes pembuangan bayi adalah antara perbuatan tidak berperikemanusiaan yang semakin membimbangkan dan mendapat liputan meluas di Malaysia. Ekoran itu, Kabinet Malaysia memutuskan bahawa kes pembuangan bayi hendaklah disiasat sebagai kes bunuh atau percubaan membunuh bagi mencegah masyarakat melakukan kesalahan tersebut.  Artikel ini mengkaji sama ada kerangka perundangan yang berkaitan dengan hukuman dan pencegahan terhadap kesalahan tersebut mencukupi atau tidak bagi membendung perbuatan tersebut daripada berlaku.  Didapati bahawa peruntukan kesalahan yang berkaitan dengan nyawa dan tubuh badan seperti membunuh, percubaan membunuh, serta perbuatan yang menyebabkan kematian dan kecederaan boleh didakwa di bawah Kanun Keseksaan dan Akta Kanak-kanak 2001. Peruntukan kesalahan di bawah Akta Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah juga didapati mencukupi bagimencegah kesalahan khalwat, percubaan persetubuhan haram, dan sebagainya.Walau bagaimanapun, pelbagai usaha perlu ditingkatkan bagi menguar-uarkannya kepada masyarakat.

Kata kunci: pembuangan bayi, kesalahan membunuh, hukuman, pencegahan, undang-undang syariah, undang-undang sivil

Abstract

Baby-dumping is one of the most inhumane acts that is on the rise in Malaysia. News about such incidents is prevalent in the mass media, resulting in a cabinet decision being made that baby-dumping cases should be investigated as homicide and attempted murder in order to curb the number of incidents. This article aims at examining whether the legal framework concerning punishment and prevention are adequate to address this matter. It is found that offenders can be charged under the Penal Code and Child Act of 2001 for any offences regarding the life of a person such as murder, attempted murder, or any act causing death and injury. The Shariah Criminal Offences Act, which is applicable for such offences as close proximity, illegitimate sexual intercourse, public indecency and so on, is also adequate to curb the issue of baby-dumping. However, efforts to inform the public of these must be stepped up.

Keywords: abandoned babies, baby-dumping, murder, punishment, prevention, shariah law, civil law

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