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TARIF GALAKAN BAGI PEMBANGUNAN TENAGA BOLEH BAHARU          DI MALAYSIA: SUATU KAJIAN PERUNDANGAN TENAGA BAHARU

(Feed-in Tariff for Renewable Energy Development in Malaysia: A Legal Study on New Energy)

Farahdilah Ghazali

farahdilahg@gmail.com.my

Maizatun Mustafa

maizatun@iium.edu.my

Wan M. Zulhafiz

wzulhafiz@iium.edu.my

Kulliyyah Undang-undang Ahmad Ibrahim,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia.

Abstrak

Sasaran kerajaan sebanyak lima peratus sumber tenaga negara daripada Tenaga Boleh Baharu (TBB) pada tahun 2015 masih belum tercapai walaupun Akta Tenaga Boleh Baharu 2011 (Akta 725) digubal sebagai suatu usaha meningkatkan penjanaan TBB dengan menyediakan mekanisme tarif galakan. Artikel ini bertujuan mengenal pasti dasar dan undang-undang yang berkaitan dengan tarif galakan, serta skop undang-undang yang diguna pakai untuk meningkatkan penjanaan elektrik daripada sumber TBB di Malaysia. Menerusi pendekatan black-letter dan kaedah perbandingan dengan menganalisis undang-undang dan polisi yang berkaitan, dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa tarif galakan berjaya mewujudkan pasaran TBB bagi penjanaan tenaga elektrik di pelbagai negara. Walau bagaimanapun, kebergantungan terhadap tarif galakan tidak menjamin kelestarian sumber tenaga di negara ini dan kepelbagaian instrumen perundangan penting untuk menggalakkan pertumbuhan TBB dalam jangka masa panjang.

Kata kunci : tenaga boleh baharu, tarif galakan, kelestarian alam sekitar, insentif, polisi

Abstract

The government’s target for obtaining 5 percent of the country’s energy from renewable energy sources (RE) in 2015 has not yet been achieved. Notwithstanding the fact that the Renewable Energy Act 2011 (Act 725) has been enacted as the primary means to increase RE generation, which provides feed-in tariff (FiT) mechanisms. This paper aims to identify existing policies and laws in Malaysia relevant to FiT, as well as the scope of the law applicable to increase electricity generation from RE in Malaysia. The findings show that FiT mechanisms have been successful in establishing RE market for electricity generation in various jurisdictions. However, FiT is unable to guarantee the sustainability of energy sources in the country. Through this article, it is found that the diversity of legal instruments is vital for long-term RE expansion.

Keywords: Renewable energy, feed-in tariff, environmental sustainability, incentive, policy.

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