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Konsep Kedaulatan Raja-raja Melayu Menurut Kerangka Peribumi

(The Concept of the Sovereignty of the Malay Rulers According to the Indigeneity Framework)

Wan Ahmad Fauzi Wan Husain

d1af@live.com

Majlis Ittihad Ummah Malaysia.

Abstrak

Banyak perbahasan tentang prinsip perundangan tanah air mengabaikan konsep kedaulatan yang dijunjung oleh Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Oleh itu, makalah menghuraikan konsep kedaulatan seperti yang diperuntukkan dalam Perkara 181(1) Perlembagaan Persekutuan berasaskan kerangka peribumi. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif sejarah perundangan. Data terkumpul terdiri daripada sumber primer, sekunder dan temu bual. Hasil kajian mendapati kedaulatan raja-raja Melayu yang berteraskan ajaran Islam tidak pernah terhapus. Pentafsiran tersebut menghuraikan kedudukan sebenar kedaulatan raja-raja Melayu dalam kerangka Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Oleh itu, prinsip perundangan dan pelaksanaan sistem politik di Malaysia hendaklah selaras dengan konsep kedaulatan yang diwarisi.

Kata kunci: kedaulatanperibumi, kerangkaperibumi, kedaulatan raja-raja Melayu, kedaulatan Malaysia, Perkara 181(1) Perlembagaan Persekutuan

Abstract

There has been debate over whether Malaysian legal principles have ignored the concept of sovereignty which has been upheld by the Federal Constitution. Hence, this study aims to elaborate the concept of sovereigntyas stipulated in Article 181(1) of the Federal Constitution based on the indigeneity framework. This study employsthe qualitative legal history methodology. The data was collected from primary and secondary sources, as well as interviews. The results reveal that the sovereignty of the Malay rulers is based on Islamic teachings, and has never been abolished. This interpretation reveals the true position of the Malay rulers within the framework of the Federal Constitution. Thus, the legal principles and political system implemented in Malaysia have to be in line with this inherited concept of sovereignty.

Keywords: Indigenous sovereignty, indigeneityframework, sovereignty of Malay Rulers, Malaysian sovereignty, Article 181(1) of the Federal Constitution.

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