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Kategori Salah Nyata dan Pemberian Remedi:

Tinjauan terhadap Akta Kontrak 1950 (Akta 136)

(Categories of Misrepresentation and Provision of Remedies: An Observation of the Contracts Act 1950 (Act 136))

Norhoneydayatie Abdul Manap,

nhani1310@gmail.com,

Sakina Shaik Ahmad Yusoff,

kinasay@ukm.edu.my,

Mat Noor Mat Zain,

mnmz@ukm.edu.my

Fakulti Undang-undang,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Abstrak

Salah nyata merupakan salah satu elemen yang mencacatkan kerelaan bebas seseorang untuk memasuki kontrak. Perundangan yang berkaitan dengan salah nyata dalam kontrak yang terpakai di Malaysia sehingga hari ini ialah seksyen 18 Akta Kontrak 1950 (Akta 136) yang terpakai untuk semua jenis kontrak di Malaysia. Walau bagaimanapun, terdapat perkara yang tidak jelas yang boleh mencetuskan kekeliruan, khususnya tentang salah nyata dalam kontrak yang melibatkan definisi, elemen, kategori dan remedi salah nyata. Menerusi kaedah analisis kandungan, makalah membincangkan masalah tersebut dengan merujuk kes yang diputuskan oleh mahkamah. Kajian mendapati seksyen 18 Akta Kontrak 1950 perlu dipinda secara keseluruhannya kerana terdapat  kekeliruan dan ketidakjelasan tentang definisi, kategori dan remedi salah nyata yang menyebabkan keputusan kes mahkamah tidak selaras.

Kata kunci:kategori salah nyata, remedi salah nyata, Akta Kontrak 1950 (Akta 136), ketidakjelasan, ketidakselarasan keputusan kes

Abstract

Misrepresentation is an element that detrimentally affects an individual’s free will and consent to enter into a contract. The legal provision relating to contractual misrepresentation used to this day in Malaysia is Section 18 of the Contracts Act 1950 (Act 136), which is applicable to all types of contracts in Malaysia. However, there are certain situations that present ambiguities which could cause confusion, especially in cases of contractual misrepresentation involving the definition, elements, categories and remedies for misrepresentation. This research applies the content analysis method in discussing the abovementioned problem by referring to decided court cases. The finding of this research is that Section 18 of the Contracts Act 1950 needs to be amended in its entirety, as there are uncertainties and matters that need clarification regarding the definition, categories and remedies for misrepresentation that have resulted in a lack of consistency and uniformity in court decisions.

Key words: categories of misrepresentation, remedies for misrepresentation, Contracts Act 1950 (Act 136), uncertainty, inconsistency in case decisions

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(Teks Penuh)

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