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PELAKSANAAN HIBAH AMANAH  SEBAGAI SUATU INSTRUMEN  PENGURUSAN HARTA ISLAM DI MALAYSIA

(Execution of Hibah Amanah as an Instrument of Islamic Property Management in Malaysia)

Akmal Hidayah Halim

akmalh@iium.edu.my

Tajul Aris Ahmad Bustami

tajularis@iium.edu.my

Kulliyyah Undang-undang Ahmad Ibrahim,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia.

Abstrak

Penggunaan hibah amanah menjadi salah satu alternatif untuk merancang pengurusan harta Islam di Malaysia. Hibah amanah memberikan ruang kepada pemberi hibah untuk mengekalkan kawalan penuh terhadap harta hibah semasa hayat, manakala penerima hibah akan memperoleh harta tersebut hanya selepas kematian pemberi hibah. Keadaan ini secara zahirnya dilihat tidak konsisten dengan prinsip hibah, wasiat, amanah dan pusaka Islam kerana pemberi hibah tidak melepaskan hak dan faedah terhadap harta yang dihibahkan semasa hidupnya, walaupun penerima hibah merupakan seseorang yang mempunyai kelayakan untuk memiliki dan menguruskan harta. Makalah ini membincangkan hibah amanah dan kedudukannya sebagai salah satu instrumen pelupusan harta mengikut hukum syarak dan perundangan di Malaysia supaya setiap pihak berhak mendapat haknya mengikut undang-undang Islam.

Kata kunci: hibah, amanah, wasiat, pusaka, hibah ruqba, Muslim

Abstract

The use of hibah amanah has become an alternative in the Islamic property management in Malaysia. Hibah amanah enables a donor to have control over his/her property during his/her lifetime and the donee or beneficiary can only benefit from it upon the death of the donor. On the surface, hibah amanah seems to be inconsistent with the Islamic rules of hibah, wills, trust and inheritance as the donor does not give up his rights or possession of the property during his lifetime even though the donee has the legal capacity to own and manage his property. Hence, this article seeks to examine the implementation of hibah amanah by Muslims in Malaysia and its legality as an instrument of property distribution in Islamic law so that the rights of every entitled person in one’s estate may be ascertained and protected.

Keywords: hibah, trust, wills, inheritance, hibah ruqba, Muslim

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