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BAHAGIAN SOKONGAN KELUARGA MEMBANTU ANAK SELEPAS PERCERAIAN: KEBERKESANAN, CABARAN DAN PERBANDINGAN DENGAN AMALAN NEGARA MAJU

(Family Support Division in Helping Children after Divorce: Extent of Effectiveness, Challenges and Comparison with the Practice of Developed Countries)

Roslina Che Soh@Yusoff

roslinac@iium.edu.my

Kulliyyah Undang-undang Ahmad Ibrahim,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia.

Nurhidayah Muhammad Hashim

nurhi923@salam.uitm.edu.my

Akademi Pengajian Islam Kontemporari,

Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Mohd. Na’im Mokhtar

naim1@esyariah.gov.my

Jabatan Kehakiman Syariah Selangor (JAKESS).

Abstrak

Isu tuntutan nafkah dan penguatkuasaan Perintah Nafkah yang dikeluarkan oleh mahkamah syariah sering menjadi rungutan dalam kalangan wanita selepas berlaku perceraian. Walaupun boleh dikatakan Undang-undang Keluarga Islam mempunyai peruntukan undang-undang yang terperinci tentang nafkah tetapi masih terdapat kelemahan yang ketara dalam penguatkuasaan perintah nafkah, terutama apabila bekas suami atau bapa yang diputuskan bertanggungjawab membayar nafkah gagal memberikan kerjasama atau cuai. Makalah ini menilai keberkesanan peranan Bahagian Sokongan Keluarga (BSK), mengetengahkan masalah penguatkuasaan perintah nafkah anak selepas perceraian dan menyentuh amalan beberapa negara maju sebagai perbandingan untuk menambah baik BSK.

Kata kunci:  nafkah anak, mahkamah syariah, Bahagian Sokongan Keluarga, penguatkuasaan, negara maju

Abstract

The issue of maintenance and the enforcement of Maintenance Orders issued by the Sharia Courts have often been the subject of complaint, especially among women after divorce. Arguably, Family Law does have detailed provisions regarding maintenance, however there are still significant shortcomings in the enforcement of the maintenance orders, especially when the former husband or father who has been instructed to pay maintenance  fails to cooperate or is negligent. This paper aims to review the effectiveness of the Family Support Division in performing its functions and highlight the difficulties encountered in the effort to resolve problems relating to enforcement of the orders, particularly for maintenance of children after divorce. In addition, this paper also touches upon the practice in dealing with this issue by some developed countries as a means of comparison to improve the performance of the Family Support Division.

Keywords: child maintenance, sharia court, Family Support Division, enforcement, developed countries

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