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KESAN GLOBALISASI TERHADAP UNDANG-UNDANG ISLAM DI MALAYSIA

(The Effect of Globalization on Islamic Laws in Malaysia)

Farid Sufian Shuaib

farid@iium.edu.my

Kulliyyah Undang-undang Ahmad Ibrahim,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia.

Abstrak

Proses globalisasi memberikan tekanan supaya menerima pakai peruntukan instrumen antarabangsa dalam undang-undang munisipal. Proses hegemonisasi ini menekankan ciri “universal” instrumen antarabangsa yang dibantah dan tidak diterima semua. Kolonialisme Barat dan pemindahan perundangan yang berkaitan dengan globalisasi menambahkan lagi peminggiran norma peribumi, termasuk undang-undang Islam yang dilihat bertentangan  dengan peruntukan triti antarabangsa. Makalah ini menggunakan analisis doktrinal dan analisis teks, termasuk undang-undang bertulis dan kes dalam proses pencarian dan penghujahan prinsip undang-undang berkaitan. Kajian mendapati prinsip dualisme yang terpakai di Malaysia dan undang-undang antarabangsa memerlukan proses transformasi triti antarabangsa kepada undang-undang munisipal. Dengan kata lain, triti tidak terpakai secara langsung dalam undang-undang munisipal.

Kata kunci: globalisasi, undang-undang Islam, cabaran, hegemonisasi

Abstract

The process of globalization has increased the pressure to apply international legal provisions onto municipal laws. This hegemonzation process emphasizes universal features which are being opposed and thus not accepted by all.  Western colonization and the transfer of legal systems related to globalization marginalize indigenous norms including Islamic laws. Among the main questions being raised is the status of Islamic laws which are viewed as being contrary to the provisions of international treaties. This article uses doctrinal analysis and textual analysis including those involving legislation and cases in the process of search and argument over related legal principles. Among the findings in this article is that the dualism principle which is applicable in Malaysia in respect of the application of international laws requires the transformation of international treaties to municipal law. In other words, treaties are not directly applicable to municipal law.

Keywords: globalization, Islamic Laws, challenges, hemegonization

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