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PENYIMPANAN DNA PESALAH KANAK-KANAK DI MALAYSIA: KESANNYA TERHADAP ASPEK HAK ASASI KANAK-KANAK

(DNA Retention of Child Offenders in Malaysia: Implications on the Basic Rights of Children)

Mohd. Munzil Muhamad

mohdmunzil@ukm.edu.my

Nurul Hidayat Ab. Rahmann

hidayat@ukm.edu.my

Fakulti Undang-undang,Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.


Abstrak

Sejarah penubuhan bank data Identifikasi Asid Deoksiribonukleik (DNA) telah menunjukkan bahawa penggunaan keterangan DNA menjadi sangat penting di kebanyakan negara, termasuk Malaysia kerana telah banyak membantu proses keadilan jenayah, iaitu sebagai alat mencegah dan menyelesaikan kes jenayah. Makalah ini membincangkan isu berkaitan dengan penyimpanan DNA di dalam Bank Data DNA Forensik Malaysia dengan memfokuskan hak privasi, jenis kesalahan dan tempoh masa penyimpanan DNA pesalah kanak-kanak dalam konteks negara Malaysia. Hasil kajian mendapati penyimpanan DNA kanak-kanak tanpa had masa bertentangan dengan prinsip “Kepentingan Terbaik Kanak-kanak” dalam perkara 3 Konvensyen Hak Kanak-kanak atau Convention on the Rights of Child (CRC) kerana mencabuli hak asasi kanak-kanak.
Kata kunci: Akta Identifikasi Asid Deoksiribonukleik (DNA) 2009, penyimpanan DNA, jenayah, privasi, kanak-kanak

Abstract

The use of DNA evidence has facilitated the criminal justice process, as a tool for the purpose of preventing and solving crimes. The history of the establishment of the DNA data bank has shown the use of DNA evidence to be very significant in most countries, including Malaysia. This article will discuss the issues relating to the retention of DNA in the Malaysian Forensic DNA data bank by focusing on the aspects of privacy rights, type of offence, and the time limit for  storage of  child offenders’ DNA in the context of Malaysian law.  Apart from that, the study shows that the retention of child offenders’ DNA without a time limit is against the principle “in the best interest of  the child”  Article 3 of  the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), as it undermines the child’s basic rights.

Keywords: The Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Identification Act of 2009, DNA retention, crime, privacy, child

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