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Pendekatan Mahkamah untuk Menjatuhkan Hukuman terhadap Kesalahan Zina, Serta Implikasinya kepada Wanita dan Kanak-Kanak:  Kajian Kes di Sudan

(The CourtsApproach to Sentencing for Adultery Offences and its Implication on Women and Children: A Case Study in Sudan)

Muhammad Hafiz Mohd. Shukri

msmhafiz@unimas.my

Fakulti Ekonomi dan Perniagaan,

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Dilah Tuah

tdilah@unimas.my

Fakulti Pengajian Bahasa dan Komunikasi,

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

Abstrak

Makalah ini membincangkan kes mahkamah bagi kesalahan zina dan rogol yang berlaku di Sudan. Kaedah pembuktian bagi kesalahan zina yang dibuat menerusi bukti kehamilan seseorang wanita tanpa disokong oleh bukti lain telah meletakkan wanita dalam situasi yang boleh dianggap sebagai kurang adil kerana dianggap melakukan zina, walhal berkemungkinan dirogol. Pengkategorian kesalahan rogol sebagai salah satu bentuk kesalahan zina dan pendekatan mahkamah yang menggunakan kaedah pembuktian yang sama, iaitu mengemukakan empat orang saksi menyebabkan perogol terlepas daripada hukuman. Cadangan agar jenayah rogol dikategorikan sebagai salah satu kesalahan takzir dan menghadirkan empat orang saksi diubah kepada menerima pakai kaedah pembuktian ujian DNA, keterangan mangsa dan laporan perubatan agar perogol menerima hukuman berat yang setimpal dengan kekejaman terhadap mangsa bagi menyelesaikan kes rogol di Sudan.

Kata kunci: mahkamah, undang-undang jenayah, rogol, zina

Abstract

This article discusses adultery and rape cases in Sudan. Adultery is proven through a womans pregnancy without the need for further proof, putting the woman in a situation that can be considered unjust, as she is considered to have committed adultery even when she could have been the victim of rape. Furthermore, rape is categorized as a form of adultery, and the courts approach is the same, i.e. there is a requirement to bring four witnesses. As a result, rapists usually escape punishment. The suggestion is that rape should be categorized as a tazir offence, while the requirement for four witnesses should be done  away with, while DNA evidence, witness testimony and medical reports should be made admissible to enable the punishment of rapists in a manner that will requite the suffering of the victims.

Keywords: court, Islamic criminal law, rape, adultery

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