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Pembangunan dan Pelaburan Lestari Harta Wakaf dari Perspektif Islam

(Sustainable Development and Investment of Waqf Assets from the Islamic Perspective)

Syahnaz Sulaiman

syahnaz@islam.gov.my

Seksyen Muamalat, Bahagian Perancangan dan Penyelidikan,

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (Jakim)

Aras 6, Blok D7, Kompleks D,

Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62519 Putrajaya.

Aznan Hasan

haznan@iium.edu.my

Institut Perbankan dan Kewangan Islam,

Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia,

Peti Surat 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur.

Ahmad Azam Sulaiman @ Mohamad

ahmadazams@um.edu.my

Jabatan Syariah dan Ekonomi, Akademi Pengajian Islam,

Universiti Malaya, Jalan Universiti,

50603 Kuala Lumpur.

Abstrak

Inisiatif bagi mengarusperdanakan peranan wakaf sebagai enjin penggerak sosioekonomi ummah semakin diberikan perhatian oleh komuniti Islam pada peringkat global. Tumpuan kini diberikan terhadap aspek pembangunan dan pelaburan harta wakaf secara dinamik bertujuan mengekalkan kelestarian aset wakaf bagi memenuhi objektif penubuhannya. Pelbagai mekanisme pembangunan sama ada yang bersifat teoretikal atau praktikal yang sebahagiannya sudahpun diimplementasikan telah menyemarakkan lagi agenda menaik taraf aset wakaf  bukan sahaja di Malaysia, bahkan di seluruh dunia. Sehubungan dengan itu, makalah ini akan membincangkan konsep pembangunan serta pelaburan harta wakaf secara lestari menurut perspektif Islam ke arah merealisasikan kaedah pembangunan dan pelaburan harta wakaf yang memenuhi tuntutan syarak.

Kata kunci: wakaf, pembangunan, pelaburan

Abstract

The initiative towards enhancing the role of waqf (endowment) as the main driving force for socioeconomic development of the ummah has received tremendous support from the Muslim community globally. Considerable attention has been paid to the aspect of waqf development and investment in order to maintain the sustainability of waqf assets to meet their divine and worldly objectives. Various mechanisms for waqf development, whether theoretical or already implemented, have intensified the effort to improve and raise the status of waqf assets not only in Malaysia but also throughout the world. Essentially, this study will discuss the concept of sustainable development and investment of waqf assets in the light of the Shariah. This study renders general guidelines towards implementing viable approaches for the development and investment of waqf assets that are in line with Islamic teachings and laws in Malaysia.

Keywords: waqf, development, investment

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