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TINJAUAN TERHADAP PERUNTUKAN

AKTA PERSAINGAN 2010

Overview of Provisions in the Competition Act 2010

Nazura Abdul Manap

nazura@ukm.my

Fakulti  Undang-undang,  Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,

43650 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Tel.: +603-8921635

Haliza A.Shukor

hliza@usim.edu.my

Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia,

Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Abstrak

Malaysia merupakan salah sebuah negara  yang mewujudkan undang-undang yang spesifik berkaitan dengan persaingan selepas Indonesia, Singapura,Thailand dan Vietnam. Akta Persaingan 2010 telah digubal oleh Parlimen Malaysia dan dikuatkuasakan pada tahun 2012. Suruhanjaya Persaingan Malaysia yang diwujudkan di bawah Akta Suruhanjaya Persaingan 2010 merupakan badan yang diberikan tanggungjawab untuk menguatkuasakan peruntukan yang terkandung dalam Akta Persaingan 2010. Melalui Akta Persaingan 2010, Malaysia bermatlamat untuk meningkatkan ekonomi melalui proses persaingan yang bertujuan memberikan perlindungan kepada pengguna. Secara umumnya, Akta Persaingan 2010 menghalang perusahaan daripada terlibat dengan dua jenis kegiatan, iaitu perjanjian antipersaingan serta penyalahgunaan kedudukan dominan. Dengan wujudnya Akta Persaingan 2010, kerajaan berharap agar aktiviti antipersaingan dapat dielakkan. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan bagi menganalisis peruntukan yang terkandung dalam Akta Persaingan 2010. Tujuan kajian adalah untuk mengenal pasti peruntukan dalam Akta Persaingan 2010 serta menganalisis pemakaian peruntukan ini dalam sektor perniagaan di Malayia. Pendekatan kajian secara kualitatif, iaitu analisis terhadap dokumen perundangan yang relevan. Dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa Akta Persaingan 2010 memberikan asas terhadap persaingan yang sihat dalam pelbagai aktiviti komersial dan pemakaian umum.

Kata kunci: Akta Persaingan 2010, Suruhanjaya Persaingan Malaysia, perjanjian antipersaingan, kedudukan dominan

Abstract

After Indonesia, Singapura,Thailand and Vietnam, Malaysia is also has enacted specific laws regarding competition. The Competition Act 2010 was passed by the Malaysian Parliament and came into force in 2012. The Malaysian Competition Comission, which was formed under the Competition Comission Act 2010, is a body tasked with the enforcement of the provisions contained in the Competition Act 2010. Through the Competition Act 2010, Malaysia aims to improve the economy through competitiveness, and aims to protect the consumer. On the whole, the Competition Act 2010 prevents businesses from being involved in two types of activities, i.e. anti-competitive agreement and abuse of a dominant position in the market. With the existence of the Competition Act 2010, the government hopes that anti-competitive activities can be avoided. Therefore, this research was carried out to analyse the provisions contained in the Competition Act 2010. The aim of this research is to identify the provisions in the Conmpetition Act 2010, as well as to analyse the implementation of these provision in the Malaysian business sector. A qualitative approach was employed, that is, an analysis of relevant documents. The findings of the study are that the Competition Act 2010 provides the basis for a healthy competitiveness in a variety of commercial activities and general applications.

Keywords: Competition Act 2010, Competition Commission Act 2010, anti-competitive agreement, dominant position

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