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Murnira Othman
(munothman@gmail.com)

Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Hanim Kamaruddin
(Hanim71@hotmail.com)

Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstrak

Hutan paya gambut di Malaysia yang meliputi 2.46 juta hektar adalah sumber asas yang amat penting bagi menampung kehidupan manusia dan berkait rapat dengan pelbagai aktiviti termasuk pembukaan kawasan pertanian dan perladangan secara besar-besaran. Aktiviti penerokaan di kawasan tanah gambut telah menimbulkan pelbagai masalah yang melibatkan kemerosotan dan pencemaran alam sekitar apabila penerokaan tersebut dilakukan tanpa perancangan dan pengawasan yang baik. Dalam beberapa tahun kebelakangan, penebusgunaan hutan tanah gambut telah menghasilkan pencemaran udara yang serius khususnya apabila aktiviti pembakaran secara terbuka dilakukan bagi tujuan penanaman semula telah dijalankan dan menyebabkan kemerosotan kualiti udara yang mengancam alam sekitar dan habitatnya yang juga berpotensi untuk merentasi luar sempadan negara seperti yang telah dialami negara ASEAN pada tahun 1997–1998. Kenyataan polisi dan sistem perundangan di Malaysia untuk mengawal pembangunan kawasan tanah gambut haruslah diteliti agar kawasan tersebut tidak terus dieksploitasi dan sekali gus menyebabkan pencemaran udara dan terjejasnya kualiti alam sekitar. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mewujudkan suatu keperluan kepada penggubalan undang-undang yang dibantu oleh suatu penguatkuasaan yang mantap seiring dengan polisi negara ataupun pada peringkat antarabangsa yang bertujuan membantu mewujudkan suatu sistem pengurusan kawasan tanah gambut bersepadu dan holistik yang mampu menghalang pencemaran udara dari segi penggunaan kawasan tanah gambut di Malaysia.

Kata kunci: tanah gambut, pencemaran udara, sistem perundangan, Malaysia.

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