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Perintah Khidmat Masyarakat Sebagai Hukuman Alternatif di Mahkamah Syariah Malaysia

(The Order of Community Service as an Alternative Punishment in the Shariah Court of Malaysia)

Arifah Rahimah Ismail

arieyfah89@gmail.com

Mohd. Al Adib Samuri

al_adib@ukm.edu.my

Jabatan Syariah, Fakulti Pengajian Islam,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM),

43600, Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan.

Tel.: +603-88864200

Abstrak

Hukuman kesalahan jenayah syariah di Malaysia pada hari ini masih tertakluk pada tiga tahun penjara, RM5000 denda dan enam kali sebatan. Peruntukan maksimum hukuman tersebut sering kali dipersoalkan kerana dilihat gagal memberikan impak positif sama ada kepada pesalah mahupun kepada masyarakat. Dalam menghadapi situasi ini, hukuman alternatif mungkin dapat dilaksanakan oleh pihak mahkamah syariah agar objektif hukuman tercapai. Oleh yang demikian, terdapat cadangan yang mahu melihat perintah khidmat masyarakat sebagai salah satu bentuk hukuman alternatif di mahkamah syariah. Sehubungan itu, makalah ini bertujuan melihat sejauh mana perintah khidmat masyarakat dapat dilaksanakan dalam kerangka perundangan syariah dengan melihat prospek yang ada bagi tujuan pelaksanaan hukuman ini. Setelah menilai keperluan pelaksanaan perintah ini,  kajian ini mendapati bahawa hukuman perintah khidmat masyarakat mempunyai prospek yang cerah untuk dilaksanakan di mahkamah syariah melalui ruang peruntukan yang sedia ada. Perintah khidmat masyarakat berpotensi dilaksanakan sebagai hukuman alternatif terbaik di mahkamah syariah Malaysia.

Kata kunci: perintah khidmat masyarakat, hukuman alternatif, peruntukan undang-undang, mahkamah syariah

Abstract

The punishment for the offence of shariah crime in Malaysia nowadays is still based on three years of imprisonment, penalty of RM5000 and six times of whipping. Those maximum punishments are always been questioned due to its ineffectiveness in giving positive impacts either to the offenders or society. In encountering such situation, the alternative punishments may be enforced by the shariah court so that the objective of the punishment could be achieved. Therefore, there is suggestion that want to materialize the punishment based on community service order, as one of the alternative punishment in the shariah court. In relation to that, this article aims to view the extent of the implementation of the community service order in the shariah law framework by looking at the current prospect in implementing the punishments. After reviewing the need of the punishment, the research discovers that the community service order has great prospect to be enforced at the shariah court, through the existing provisions. This research is important because it portrays that the community service order has a potential to be implemented as one kind of the best alternative punishment at the shariah court of Malaysia.

Keywords: community service order, alternative sentence, provisions of the law, shariah court in Malaysia

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