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Permasalahan Pendatang Asing Tanpa Izin di Malaysia dari Aspek Sosial dan Perundangan

(Problems Pertaining to the Social and Legal Aspects of Illegal Immigrants in Malaysia)

Rusniah Ahmad

rusniah@uum.edu.my

Mohamed Naiem Ajis

naiem@uum.edu.my

Saadon Awang

saadon@uum.edu.my

Kolej Undang-undang, Kerajaan dan Pengajian Antarabangsa,

Universiti Utara Malaysia,

06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah Darul Aman, MALAYSIA.

Tel.: +604-9284298.

Abstrak

Makalah ini menyingkap masalah yang timbul hasil daripada trend migrasi yang berlaku di Malaysia. Peningkatan jumlah pendatang asing tanpa izin (PATI)  menimbulkan pelbagai masalah dalam negara dari aspek sosial dan perundangan yang harus diberikan perhatian serius oleh pihak berkuasa. Pihak kerajaan terutamanya telah melakukan pengawalan strategik untuk menangani isu PATI di Malaysia agar mereka dapat diuruskan dengan cara yang lebih efisien. Antaranya  termasuklah mengurangkan kebergantungan terhadap pekerja asing, meningkatkan kerjasama dengan negara sumber dan juga pihak yang relevan dengan masalah ini. Tumpuan terhadap tindakan penguatkuasaan tegas patut dijalankan di kawasan sempadan negara secara dua hala, dan juga mengenakan hukuman yang berat mengikut lunas undang-undang terhadap kesalahan berkaitan dengan PATI, tanpa mengira sama ada mereka terdiri daripada pendatang asing ataupun warganegara Malaysia.

Kata kunci: aspek sosial, migrasi, perundangan, PATI, penguatkuasaan,

Abstract

This article will discuss the problems arising from migration trends in Malaysia. The rising number of illegal immigrants has become an acute problem from both social and legal points of view, and must be given due attention by the authorities. The government has begun taking steps to deal with the issue of illegal immigrants in a more efficient manner. Among these is decreasing dependence on foreign workers, and increasing cooperation with sourcing countries, as well as other related parties.     Attention should be given to strict two way enforcement at the border areas and the imposition of stringent punishment in accordance with the law for offences relating to illegal immigrants, notwithstanding whether they are illegal immigrants or Malaysian citizens.

Keywords: enforcement, illegal immigrants, legislation, migration, social aspects

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