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KERAHSIAAN KEMASUKAN ISLAM: ISU UNDANG-UNDANG KES PEMELUKAN ISLAM SAUDARA BARU DI MALAYSIA

Converting in Secret: Legal Issues among Muslim Converts in Malaysia

Khairani Husin

khairanihusin@gmail.com

Mohd Al Adib Samuri

al_adib@ukm.edu.my

Jabatan Syariah, Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43650 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Tel.: +603-88864200

Abstrak

Makalah ini membincangkan isu kerahsiaan kemasukan Islam oleh mualaf di Malaysia. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kesan kerahsiaan itu sendiri terhadap keputusan sesuatu kes pemelukan Islam di mahkamah, yang melibatkan konflik antara undang-undang diri mualaf itu sendiri, iaitu undang-undang Syariah dengan undang-undang sivil. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kaedah kualitatif  menerusi analisis kandungan yang merujuk sumber primer dan sekunder, serta sedikit temu bual separa struktur dengan seorang pegawai yang terlibat dalam bidang ini. Seterusnya, data yang dikumpul dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif dan tematik. Dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa kerahsiaan kemasukan Islam oleh mualaf  telah menyebabkan kesukaran kepada hakim dalam memutuskan kes disebabkan konflik undang-undang peribadi antara kedua-dua pihak dalam kes itu. Kerahsiaan ini menjadi faktor utama  kepada mualaf untuk melepaskan diri daripada tanggungjawab lalu dalam undang-undang sivil. Mualaf yang memaklumkan kemasukan Islam, kes mereka dapat diselesaikan dengan lebih cekap mengikut bidang kuasa mahkamah, serta memuaskan hati semua pihak yang terlibat. Kajian ini merumuskan bahawa dengan mewajibkan pemakluman kemasukan Islam dilihat sebagai satu penyelesaian terbaik dalam menangani konflik bidang kuasa antara mahkamah sivil dengan syariah di Malaysia.

Kata kunci: kerahsiaan, kemasukan Islam, perundangan Malaysia, mualaf, konflik perundangan

Abstract

This article discusses the issue of secret conversion to Islam among muallaf (Muslim converts) in Malaysia. The objective of the research is to analyse the impact of such secrecy on court decisions in cases of conversion to Islam, which create conflict between the Shariah law and civil law. This is a qualitative study using content analysis approach with reference to primary and secondary sources. It also involves a semi-structured interview with several officers involved in this field. The data collected is analyzed through descriptive and thematic approaches. The study finds that the secret conversion to Islam by muallaf causes difficulties to judges in deciding cases, due to the conflict of laws applicable between both parties in the case. Furthermore, such secrecy is the main factor muallaf are able to avoid responsibilities they may have had previously under civil law. In contrast, for those muallaf who announced their conversion to Islam, their cases can be decided quickly according to the particular courts’ jurisdictions to the satisfaction of  all parties involved in the case. This research concludes making announcement of conversion to Islam mandatory is seen as the best solution in handling the conflict of jurisdiction between the civil and Shariah courts in Malaysia.

Keywords: secrecy, conversion to Islam,  Malaysian law,  muallaf, conflict of laws

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