Athens, Greece. Although historians don't know a lot about Plato's early life they know he came from a wealthy family and likely had two brothers and a sister. Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who played an important role in the development of Western philosophy. Plato's biography is drawn mainly from the work of other ancient writers and a few of what are presumed to be Plato's letters. The circumstances surrounding his death are clouded, though it is fairly certain that he died in Athens around 348 B.C.E., when he was in his early 80s. Eventually, Plato returned to Athens and his Academy. Plato (Ancient Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered"; c. 428/427 – c. 348/347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the trio of ancient Greeks including Socrates and Aristotle said to have laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. As the scion of a rich and aristocratic family, he received good education under renowned teachers, including Socrates. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and mathematician, influencing the realm of Western philosophy. The first, or early, period occurs during Plato's travels (399-387 B.C.E.). In the third, or late, period, Socrates is relegated to a minor role and Plato takes a closer look at his own early metaphysical ideas. It has been sug… After living for a time at the Syracuse court, Plato founded (c.387 B.C.) Plato - Biography and Works Plato (427-347B.C. In these dialogues, Plato attempts to convey Socrates's philosophy and teachings. This too is possible, although there is record that the name Plato was given to boys before Aristocles was born. Plato is believed to have had two full brothers, one sister and a half brother, though it is not certain where he falls in the birth order. Plato would eventually leave Syracuse, while Dion later returned to Syracuse and overthrew Dionysius II, only to be usurped by Callipus, another disciple of Plato. Euripides was one of the great Athenian playwrights and poets of ancient Greece, known for the many tragedies he wrote, including 'Medea' and 'The Bacchae.'. One of the greatest Greek philosophers (considered the greatest Greek writer of prose by some), Plato, was born into an aristocratic Athenian family. Fortunately, chancing upon an admirer who purchased his freedom, Plato was spared and found his way home. According to Diogenes Laertius, who lived many centuries later than the philosophers about whom he was writing, Plato was born to Ariston, an Athenian aristocrat who traced his lineage to Codrus, the king of Athens, and to Melanthus, the king of Messina. He had Dion exiled and Plato placed under "house arrest." Arianna Huffington is a prolific author and international media mogul who started the award-winning news platform The Huffington Post. In another reversal of fortune, Dionysius II expelled his uncle Dion, and compelled Plato to remain. Dion believed that Dionysius showed promise as an ideal leader. After the oligarchy was overthrown and democracy was restored, Plato briefly considered a career in politics, but the execution of Socrates in 399 B.C.E. Dana Plato was a child actress on the television show Diff'rent Strokes. Traditional history estimates Plato's birth was around 428 B.C.E., but more modern scholars, tracing later events in his life, believe he was born between 424 and 423 B.C.E. There is some debate among scholars on the order of these writings, but most believe they fall into three distinct periods. His writings deal with justice, beauty and equality, as well as written on aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. GREAT The Greek poet Homer is credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey,' and the impact of his tales continues to reverberate through Western culture. It seems unlikely that Plato had a very intense relationship with the one he considered his master. Plato's father died when he was young, and his mother remarried her uncle, Pyrilampes, a Greek politician and ambassador to Persia. Neha December 18, 2017. Biography of Plato. Plato died in 347 B.C. It is believed the school was located at an enclosed park named for a legendary Athenian hero. Plato (427-347 BC) His political and moral philosophy dominates a long chain of thinkers, writers and critics. ), following Apollodorus' chronology, Plato was born the year Pericles died, was six years younger than Isocrates, and died at the age of eighty-four (D.L. During this time, Plato nearly faced death in Cyrene. Although Hippocrates probably didn't write the famous oath that bears his name, it serves as foundation for the oath medical school graduates take at the start of their careers. One of his more promising students there was Aristotle, who would take his mentor's teachings in new directions. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The Greek philosopher Plato (428-347 B.C.) Although both Plato and Aristotle had a similar childhood and upraising and followed some of the same footprints both Aristotle and Plato share both many different moral and beliefs on certain issues such as epistemology, cosmology and body and soul theory. The Athenian politician, Critias (l. c. 460-40 BCE), was Plato's mother's cousin and studied with Socrates as a young man. He authored philosophical works of unparalleled influences. He wrote about ideas of deductive reasoning. It counts among its illustrious alumni many fine minds, but none more renowned than Aristotle. One story says he traveled to Egypt. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher considered to be the main source of Western thought. Plato was born in 428 or 427 b.c. Socrates was executed in 399 BC. Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. Plato Biography - Plato (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn) (c.427 to c.347 BC) was an immensely influential ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens where Aristotle studied. Other historians claim that "Plato" was a nickname, referring to his broad physical build. Another source reports that he died while attending a friend’s wedding feast. Over its years of operation, the Academy's curriculum included astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory and philosophy. Plato wrote about many ideas in philosophy that are still talked about today. Plato is one of the most brilliant and far-reaching writers to have ever lived. Ancient sources offer differing accounts of Plato’s death. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very influential and laid the foundations for Euclid's systematic approach to mathematics. Our very conception of philosophy—of rigorous thinking concerning the true situation of man, the nature of the whole, and the perplexity of being—owes a great debt to his work. According to one source, Plato died peacefully in his bed listening to the sweet sounds of a Thracian flute girl. And yet modern scholars are in doubt, since the name “Plato” was not uncommon in the Athens of Plato’s day. December 19, 2010 | No Comments. But there is no conclusive evidence of this, or that Plato was the eldest son in his family. The Academy operated until 529 C.E.., when it was closed by Roman Emperor Justinian I, who feared it was a source of paganism and a threat to Christianity. Socrates's methods of dialogue and debate impressed Plato so much that he soon he became a close associate and dedicated his life to the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character. Richard Kraut, Cambridge: 1992. Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called forms or ideas) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. Born in the era of ancient philosophy, Plato is one of the world’s most recognized philosophers of classical Greece. Plato studied with, and represented in writing, Socrates, “the wisest man in the world.” He founded what some consider the first institution for higher learning, the Academy, where he taught Aristotle, whose ideas and influence were probably greater even than his teac… "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Dion, however, later turned against Plato, selling him into slavery. Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia. one of the most brilliant and far-reaching writers to have ever lived. 3.2-3.3). While there, Dionysius’ brother-in-law, Dion, became Plato’s disciple. There are few contemporary sources for the life of Plato. Plato's impact on philosophy and the nature of humans has had a lasting impact far beyond his homeland of Greece. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions. In the words of Alfred North Whitehead, “The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.”. Plato was a student of Socrates(who did not write) and the teacher of Aristotle, who founded another university, known as the Lyceum. The family of his mother, Perictione, boasted a relationship with the great Athenian legislator Solon. THINKERS. According to Diogenes, Plato visited Syracuse while it was under the rule of Dionysius. When he was in his late teens or early twenties, Plato heard Socrates teaching in the market and abandoned his plans to pursue a literary career as a playwright; he burned his early work and devoted himself to philosophy.It is likely that Plato had known Socrates, at least by reputation, since youth. In the year 407, at the age of twenty, he met Socrates, being admired by the personality and the speech of Socrates. Some scholars believe that Plato was named for his grandfather, Aristocles, following the tradition of the naming the eldest son after the grandfather. Historians believe this is an indication of Plato's pride in his family lineage. His most famous pupil there was Aristotle. He met Socratesaround 407 BC and became his disciple in philosophy. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world. Some scholars suggest that he died while attending a wedding, while others believe he died peacefully in his sleep. But Dionysius fell far short of expectations and suspected Dion, and later Plato, of conspiring against him. The Apology of Socrates seems to have been written shortly after Socrates's death. Plato and fellow … Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. For 2,400 years, Plato’s writings have been interpreted, re-interpreted, debated, and taught as the foundational issues and methods of Western philosophical discourse. Plato was born sometime between 428 and 427 B.C. Plato grew up in the Greek city-state of Athens during the Classical Period of Ancient Greece. In 407 B.C. It is widely accepted that Plato, the Athenian philosopher, was born in 428-7 B.C.E and died at the age of eighty or eighty-one at 348-7 B.C.E. he studied Socrates also he was a teacher of Aristotle and he found the academy. After Socrates's death, Plato traveled for 12 years throughout the Mediterranean region, studying mathematics with the Pythagoreans in Italy, and geometry, geology, astronomy and religion in Egypt. Plato was born in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. His beliefs on the importance of mathematics in education have proven to be essential for understanding the entire universe. Two of Plato's relatives, Charmides and Critias, were prominent figures in the new government, part of the notorious Thirty Tyrants whose brief rule severely reduced the rights of Athenian citizens. Due to a lack of primary sources from the time period, much of Plato's life has been constructed by scholars through his writings and the writings of contemporaries and classical historians. Aristotle, who would take his mentor 's teachings in new directions although he traveled to Sicily and Italy... 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